This small heart-shaped island lies 19 kilometers southwest of Ishigaki. Its circumference is 12 kilometers. Lacking good land and water resources, the island is now mostly devoted to cow pasture, a livestock raising island with a cattle population about 10 times the human population. Completion of a water pipe on the sea bottom from Iriomote in 1975 solved Kuro Island’s water problem. Coral reefs frame the island. The Nishinohama Yaeyama Research Station (Marine Park Center) is a famous spot where sea turtles come ashore to lay their eggs.