This island, just 4 kilometers in circumference, is 5 kilometers from Iriomote Island. A hill called Hatoma Nakamori is just south of the middle of the island. At 33 meters, it is the island’s highest point. In the Yaeyama folk song “Hatoma Bushi”, people sing of their happiness at having paid their taxes for the farm year as they watch the rice and millet ships leave. The islands name might be owing to the presence of many pigeons (“Hato”). Or it might stem from the expression “Hate no shima” (the end island). The islands history is old and ancient remains have been turned up. There isnt much arable land. In Ryukyu Kingdom times, islanders went over to Iriomote by boat to till their fields.