Some 42 kilometers from Ishigaki Island, Aragusuku Island actually comprises two islands, Kamiji and Shimoji. In dialect, it is called <I>Panari</I> (separated). The ocean between the two islands is a long shoal, and at low tide people can walk back and forth. Dugong used to be plentiful in the waters around Aragusuku and islanders could pay their head tax to the Ryukyu government in dugong. On Kamiji Island, there is a sacred grove devoted to praying for a good dugong catch. Nowadays Shimoji Island is entirely given over to cow pasturage. Just a few families still live on Kamiji keeping up their ancestral lands.